In education, scaffolding refers to giving students extra support via different techniques in order to enhance learning and help them progress. The support is temporary because once the students progress and acquire the skills, the supportive strategies is no longer used. Scaffolding is a useful tool in learning and it important for teachers to incorporate it when teaching their students. Scaffolding enables students to firmly grasp the information and it is widely used nowadays.
The following are the strategies of Scaffolding Birmingham schools and teachers use in learning;
Using prior knowledge and experiences;
Encouraging students to relate to what they have experienced in the past to what they are learning helps them to understand and remember easily. Tell them to share their experiences with the rest of the class so that they can connect it to whatever you are teaching them. Give clues and hints or suggestions about the concept.
Show what you teach by using models;
Students connect more when they are shown what they are being taught in comparison to just hearing about it. Using real life or tangible objects is very supportive. The models or gestures give the students examples of the learning objectives that they are to achieve by the end of the class. These examples when shown step by step make it easier to understand the task to be done.
Encourage group work or interactive learning;
Study partners or study groups can also be a helpful tool. Encouraging the students to discuss among themselves after giving them appropriate instructions will improve their level of understanding. Those struggling in a group can be easily identified and extra support given to them. Sometimes it is easier when a fellow student explains something as compared to when the teacher explains it.
Constantly check whether the students understand;
You must pause before proceeding to the next learning objective to ensure that the previous one is well understood. Ask open-ended questions and ask some students to explain what they have learnt that day. This way you are assured that you delivered